TOI Vocabulary 01-11-2014

Find hot words in today’s Times of India Editorial page, or they call it “Times of Ideas”.

Aegis n. A shield or protective armor; — applied in mythology to the
shield of Jupiter which he gave to Minerva. Also fig.: A shield; a
Allies pl. of Ally
Amid prep. See Amidst.
Amid prep. In the midst or middle of; surrounded or encompassed by;
Anomaly n. Deviation from the common rule; an irregularity; anything
Anomaly n. The angular distance of a planet from its perihelion, as
seen from the sun. This is the true anomaly. The eccentric anomaly is a
corresponding angle at the center of the elliptic orbit of the planet.
The mean anomaly is what the anomaly would be if the planet’s angular
motion were uniform.
Anomaly n. The angle measuring apparent irregularities in the motion
of a planet.
Anomaly n. Any deviation from the essential characteristics of a
specific type.
Anonymity n. The quality or state of being anonymous; anonymousness;
also, that which anonymous.
Apocalyptic a. Alt. of Apocalyptical
Apocalyptic n. Alt. of Apocalyptist
Assault n. A violent onset or attack with physical means, as blows,
weapons, etc.; an onslaught; the rush or charge of an attacking force;
onset; as, to make assault upon a man, a house, or a town.
Assault n. A violent onset or attack with moral weapons, as words,
arguments, appeals, and the like; as, to make an assault on the
prerogatives of a prince, or on the constitution of a government.
Assault n. An apparently violent attempt, or willful offer with force
or violence, to do hurt to another; an attempt or offer to beat
another, accompanied by a degree of violence, but without touching his
person, as by lifting the fist, or a cane, in a threatening manner, or
by striking at him, and missing him. If the blow aimed takes effect, it
is a battery.
Assault n. To make an assault upon, as by a sudden rush of armed men;
to attack with unlawful or insulting physical violence or menaces.
Assault n. To attack with moral means, or with a view of producing
moral effects; to attack by words, arguments, or unfriendly measures;
to assail; as, to assault a reputation or an administration.
Assertive a. Positive; affirming confidently; affirmative;
Avenge v. t. To take vengeance for; to exact satisfaction for by
punishing the injuring party; to vindicate by inflicting pain or evil
on a wrongdoer.
Avenge v. t. To treat revengefully; to wreak vengeance on.
Avenge v. i. To take vengeance.
Avenge n. Vengeance; revenge.
Averred imp. & p. p. of Aver
Boycott v. t. To combine against (a landlord, tradesman, employer, or
other person), to withhold social or business relations from him, and
to deter others from holding such relations; to subject to a boycott.
Boycott n. The process, fact, or pressure of boycotting; a combining
to withhold or prevent dealing or social intercourse with a tradesman,
employer, etc.; social and business interdiction for the purpose of
Catastrophe n. An event producing a subversion of the order or system
of things; a final event, usually of a calamitous or disastrous nature;
hence, sudden calamity; great misfortune.
Catastrophe n. The final event in a romance or a dramatic piece; a
denouement, as a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy.
Catastrophe n. A violent and widely extended change in the surface of
the earth, as, an elevation or subsidence of some part of it, effected
by internal causes.
Choir n. A band or organized company of singers, especially in church
Choir n. That part of a church appropriated to the singers.
Choir n. The chancel.
Coalition n. The act of coalescing; union into a body or mass, as of
separate bodies or parts; as, a coalition of atoms.
Coalition n. A combination, for temporary purposes, of persons,
parties, or states, having different interests.
Conceived imp. & p. p. of Conceive
Confabulation n. Familiar talk; easy, unrestrained, unceremonious
Coyly adv. In a coy manner; with reserve.
Crass a. Gross; thick; dense; coarse; not elaborated or refined.
Curricula pl. of Curriculum
Defamation n. Act of injuring another’s reputation by any slanderous
communication, written or oral; the wrong of maliciously injuring the
good name of another; slander; detraction; calumny; aspersion.
Denounce v. t. To make known in a solemn or official manner; to
declare; to proclaim (especially an evil).
Denounce v. t. To proclaim in a threatening manner; to threaten by
some outward sign or expression.
Denounce v. t. To point out as deserving of reprehension or
punishment, etc.; to accuse in a threatening manner; to invoke censure
upon; to stigmatize.
Diplomat n. Alt. of Diplomate
Dispose v. t. To distribute and put in place; to arrange; to set in
order; as, to dispose the ships in the form of a crescent.
Dispose v. t. To regulate; to adjust; to settle; to determine.
Dispose v. t. To deal out; to assign to a use; to bestow for an
object or purpose; to apply; to employ; to dispose of.
Dispose v. t. To give a tendency or inclination to; to adapt; to
cause to turn; especially, to incline the mind of; to give a bent or
propension to; to incline; to make inclined; — usually followed by to,
sometimes by for before the indirect object.
Dispose v. t. To exercise finally one’s power of control over; to
pass over into the control of some one else, as by selling; to
alienate; to part with; to relinquish; to get rid of; as, to dispose of
a house; to dispose of one’s time.
Dispose v. i. To bargain; to make terms.
Dispose n. Disposal; ordering; management; power or right of control.
Dispose n. Cast of mind; disposition; inclination; behavior;
Eloquent a. Having the power of expressing strong emotions or
forcible arguments in an elevated, impassioned, and effective manner;
as, an eloquent orator or preacher.
Eloquent a. Adapted to express strong emotion or to state facts
arguments with fluency and power; as, an eloquent address or statement;
an eloquent appeal to a jury.
Emigrate v. i. To remove from one country or State to another, for
the purpose of residence; to migrate from home.
Emigrate a. Migratory; roving.
Estranged imp. & p. p. of Estrange
Ethnic a. Alt. of Ethnical
Ethnic n. A heathen; a pagan.
Feeble superl. Deficient in physical strength; weak; infirm;
Feeble superl. Wanting force, vigor, or efficiency in action or
expression; not full, loud, bright, strong, rapid, etc.; faint; as, a
feeble color; feeble motion.
Feeble v. t. To make feble; to enfeeble.
Filthy superl. Defiled with filth, whether material or moral; nasty;
dirty; polluted; foul; impure; obscene.
Frontier n. That part of a country which fronts or faces another
country or an unsettled region; the marches; the border, confine, or
extreme part of a country, bordering on another country; the border of
the settled and cultivated part of a country; as, the frontier of
Frontier n. An outwork.
Frontier a. Lying on the exterior part; bordering; conterminous; as,
a frontier town.
Frontier a. Of or relating to a frontier.
Frontier v. i. To constitute or form a frontier; to have a frontier;
— with on.
Ghastly superl. Like a ghost in appearance; deathlike; pale; pallid;
Ghastly superl. Horrible; shocking; dreadful; hideous.
Ghastly adv. In a ghastly manner; hideously.
Gospel v. Glad tidings; especially, the good news concerning Christ,
the Kingdom of God, and salvation.
Gospel v. One of the four narratives of the life and death of Jesus
Christ, written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
Gospel v. A selection from one of the gospels, for use in a religious
service; as, the gospel for the day.
Gospel v. Any system of religious doctrine; sometimes, any system of
political doctrine or social philosophy; as, this political gospel.
Gospel v. Anything propounded or accepted as infallibly true; as,
they took his words for gospel.
Gospel a. Accordant with, or relating to, the gospel; evangelical;
as, gospel righteousness.
Gospel v. t. To instruct in the gospel.
Gratification n. The act of gratifying, or pleasing, either the mind,
the taste, or the appetite; as, the gratification of the palate, of the
appetites, of the senses, of the desires, of the heart.
Gratification n. That which affords pleasure; satisfaction;
enjoyment; fruition: delight.
Gratification n. A reward; a recompense; a gratuity.
Gumption n. Capacity; shrewdness; common sense.
Gumption n. The art of preparing colors.
Gumption n. Megilp.
Incensed imp. & p. p. of Incense
Incensed imp. & p. p. of Incense
Incensed a. Angered; enraged.
Incensed a. Represented as enraged, as any wild creature depicted
with fire issuing from mouth and eyes.
Indenture n. The act of indenting, or state of being indented.
Indenture n. A mutual agreement in writing between two or more
parties, whereof each party has usually a counterpart or duplicate;
sometimes in the pl., a short form for indentures of apprenticeship,
the contract by which a youth is bound apprentice to a master.
Indenture v. t. To indent; to make hollows, notches, or wrinkles in;
to furrow.
Indenture v. t. To bind by indentures or written contract; as, to
indenture an apprentice.
Indenture v. i. To run or wind in and out; to be cut or notched; to
Indices pl. of Index
indices pl. of Index
Indices n. pl. See Index.
Inimical a. Having the disposition or temper of an enemy; unfriendly;
unfavorable; — chiefly applied to private, as hostile is to public,
Inimical a. Opposed in tendency, influence, or effects; antagonistic;
inconsistent; incompatible; adverse; repugnant.
Intuition n. A looking after; a regard to.
Intuition n. Direct apprehension or cognition; immediate knowledge,
as in perception or consciousness; — distinguished from “mediate”
knowledge, as in reasoning; as, the mind knows by intuition that black
is not white, that a circle is not a square, that three are more than
two, etc.; quick or ready insight or apprehension.
Intuition n. Any object or truth discerned by direct cognition;
especially, a first or primary truth.
Laud v. i. High commendation; praise; honor; exaltation; glory.
Laud v. i. A part of divine worship, consisting chiefly of praise; —
usually in the pl.
Laud v. i. Music or singing in honor of any one.
Laud v. i. To praise in words alone, or with words and singing; to
celebrate; to extol.
Laundered imp. & p. p. of Launder
Lavished imp. & p. p. of Lavish
Measly a. Infected with measles.
Measly a. Containing larval tapeworms; — said of pork and beef.
Menace n. The show of an intention to inflict evil; a threat or
threatening; indication of a probable evil or catastrophe to come.
Menace n. To express or show an intention to inflict, or to hold out
a prospect of inflicting, evil or injury upon; to threaten; — usually
followed by with before the harm threatened; as, to menace a country
with war.
Menace n. To threaten, as an evil to be inflicted.
Menace v. i. To act in threatening manner; to wear a threatening
Mooted imp. & p. p. of Moot
Morass n. A tract of soft, wet ground; a marsh; a fen.
Obituary n. That which pertains to, or is called forth by, the obit
or death of a person; esp., an account of a deceased person; a notice
of the death of a person, accompanied by a biographical sketch.
Obituary n. A list of the dead, or a register of anniversary days
when service is performed for the dead.
Opportune a. Convenient; ready; hence, seasonable; timely.
Opportune v. t. To suit.
Perpetually adv. In a perpetual manner; constantly; continually.
Pertaining p. pr. & vb. n. of Pertain
Petition n. A prayer; a supplication; an imploration; an entreaty;
especially, a request of a solemn or formal kind; a prayer to the
Supreme Being, or to a person of superior power, rank, or authority;
also, a single clause in such a prayer.
Petition n. A formal written request addressed to an official person,
or to an organized body, having power to grant it; specifically (Law),
a supplication to government, in either of its branches, for the
granting of a particular grace or right; — in distinction from a
memorial, which calls certain facts to mind; also, the written
Petition v. t. To make a prayer or request to; to ask from; to
solicit; to entreat; especially, to make a formal written supplication,
or application to, as to any branch of the government; as, to petition
the court; to petition the governor.
Petition v. i. To make a petition or solicitation.
Pioneer n. A soldier detailed or employed to form roads, dig
trenches, and make bridges, as an army advances.
Pioneer n. One who goes before, as into the wilderness, preparing the
way for others to follow; as, pioneers of civilization; pioneers of
Pioneer v. t. & i. To go before, and prepare or open a way for; to
act as pioneer.
Ponder v. t. To weigh.
Ponder v. t. To weigh in the mind; to view with deliberation; to
examine carefully; to consider attentively.
Ponder v. i. To think; to deliberate; to muse; — usually followed by
on or over.
Procurement n. The act of procuring or obtaining; obtainment;
Procurement n. Efficient contrivance; management; agency.
Prodding p. pr. & vb. n. of Prod
Prudently adv. In a prudent manner.
Refrain v. t. To hold back; to restrain; to keep within prescribed
bounds; to curb; to govern.
Refrain v. t. To abstain from
Refrain v. i. To keep one’s self from action or interference; to hold
aloof; to forbear; to abstain.
Refrain v. The burden of a song; a phrase or verse which recurs at
the end of each of the separate stanzas or divisions of a poetic
Regime n. Mode or system of rule or management; character of
government, or of the prevailing social system.
Regime n. The condition of a river with respect to the rate of its
flow, as measured by the volume of water passing different cross
sections in a given time, uniform regime being the condition when the
flow is equal and uniform at all the cross sections.
Retreated imp. & p. p. of Retreat
Ruminate v. i. To chew the cud; to chew again what has been slightly
chewed and swallowed.
Ruminate v. i. To think again and again; to muse; to meditate; to
ponder; to reflect.
Ruminate v. t. To chew over again.
Ruminate v. t. To meditate or ponder over; to muse on.
Ruminate a. Alt. of Ruminated
Scrutiny n. Close examination; minute inspection; critical
Scrutiny n. An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent,
who were to receive baptism on Easter Day.
Scrutiny n. A ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is
Scrutiny n. An examination by a committee of the votes given at an
election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.
Scrutiny v. t. To scrutinize.
Shroud n. That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a
Shroud n. Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.
Shroud n. That which covers or shelters like a shroud.
Shroud n. A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or
den; also, a vault or crypt.
Shroud n. The branching top of a tree; foliage.
Shroud n. A set of ropes serving as stays to support the masts. The
lower shrouds are secured to the sides of vessels by heavy iron bolts
and are passed around the head of the lower masts.
Shroud n. One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water
wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.
Shroud n. To cover with a shroud; especially, to inclose in a winding
sheet; to dress for the grave.
Shroud n. To cover, as with a shroud; to protect completely; to cover
so as to conceal; to hide; to veil.
Shroud v. i. To take shelter or harbor.
Shroud v. t. To lop. See Shrood.
Superintendent a. Overseeing; superintending.
Superintendent n. One who has the oversight and charge of some place,
institution, or organization, affairs, etc., with the power of
direction; as, the superintendent of an almshouse; the superintendent
of public works.
Thesis n. A position or proposition which a person advances and
offers to maintain, or which is actually maintained by argument.
Thesis n. Hence, an essay or dissertation written upon specific or
definite theme; especially, an essay presented by a candidate for a
diploma or degree.
Thesis n. An affirmation, or distinction from a supposition or
Thesis n. The accented part of the measure, expressed by the downward
beat; — the opposite of arsis.
Thesis n. The depression of the voice in pronouncing the syllables of
a word.
Thesis n. The part of the foot upon which such a depression falls.
Trigger n. A catch to hold the wheel of a carriage on a declivity.
Trigger n. A piece, as a lever, which is connected with a catch or
detent as a means of releasing it; especially (Firearms), the part of a
lock which is moved by the finger to release the cock and discharge the
Vehement a. Acting with great force; furious; violent; impetuous;
forcible; mighty; as, vehement wind; a vehement torrent; a vehement
fire or heat.
Vehement a. Very ardent; very eager or urgent; very fervent;
passionate; as, a vehement affection or passion.
Venture n. An undertaking of chance or danger; the risking of
something upon an event which can not be foreseen with certainty; a
hazard; a risk; a speculation.
Venture n. An event that is not, or can not be, foreseen; an
accident; chance; hap; contingency; luck.
Venture n. The thing put to hazard; a stake; a risk; especially,
something sent to sea in trade.
Venture v. i. To hazard one’s self; to have the courage or
presumption to do, undertake, or say something; to dare.
Venture v. i. To make a venture; to run a hazard or risk; to take the
Venture v. t. To expose to hazard; to risk; to hazard; as, to venture
one’s person in a balloon.
Venture v. t. To put or send on a venture or chance; as, to venture a
horse to the West Indies.
Venture v. t. To confide in; to rely on; to trust.
Viability n. The quality or state of being viable.
Viability n. The capacity of living after birth.
Viability n. The capacity of living, or being distributed, over wide
geographical limits; as, the viability of a species.
Whooping p. pr. & vb. n. of Whoop
Whooping a. & n. from Whoop, v. t.

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