TOI Vocabulary 06-11-2014

πŸ™‚ Stop. Not for those who don’t read newspaper. πŸ™‚

But for all other smart people out there, here are the words you should know before you read today’s TOI: TIMES OF INDIA. These are just the basic words which every student should know inevitably.

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WORD FROM TOI MEANING FROM TPD
Agog In eager desire; eager; astir.
Allege To bring forward with positiveness; to declare; to
affirm; to assert; as, to allege a fact.
Allege To cite or quote; as, to allege the authority of a
judge.
Allege To produce or urge as a reason, plea, or excuse; as, he
refused to lend, alleging a resolution against lending.
Allege To alleviate; to lighten, as a burden or a trouble.
Amuse To occupy or engage the attention of; to lose in deep
thought; to absorb; also, to distract; to bewilder.
Amuse To entertain or occupy in a pleasant manner; to stir with
pleasing or mirthful emotions; to divert.
Amuse To keep in expectation; to beguile; to delude.
Amuse To muse; to mediate.
Behemoth An animal, probably the hippopotamus, described in Job
xl. 15-24.
Brothel A house of lewdness or ill fame; a house frequented by
prostitutes; a bawdyhouse.
Bullion Uncoined gold or silver in the mass.
Bullion Base or uncurrent coin.
Bullion Showy metallic ornament, as of gold, silver, or copper, on
bridles, saddles, etc.
Bullion Heavy twisted fringe, made of fine gold or silver wire and
used for epaulets; also, any heavy twisted fringe whose cords are
prominent.
Cataclysmic Of or pertaining to a cataclysm.
Closure The act of shutting; a closing; as, the closure of a
chink.
Closure That which closes or shuts; that by which separate
parts are fastened or closed.
Closure That which incloses or confines; an inclosure.
Closure A conclusion; an end.
Closure A method of putting an end to debate and securing an
immediate vote upon a measure before a legislative body. It is similar
in effect to the previous question. It was first introduced into the
British House of Commons in 1882. The French word cloture was
originally applied to this proceeding.
Cowardice Want of courage to face danger; extreme timidity;
pusillanimity; base fear of danger or hurt; lack of spirit.
Cowries of Cowry
Crude In its natural state; not cooked or prepared by fire or
heat; undressed; not altered, refined, or prepared for use by any
artificial process; raw; as, crude flesh.
Crude Unripe; not mature or perfect; immature.
Crude Not reduced to order or form; unfinished; not arranged
or prepared; ill-considered; immature.
Crude Undigested; unconcocted; not brought into a form to
give nourishment.
Crude Having, or displaying, superficial and undigested
knowledge; without culture or profundity; as, a crude reasoner.
Crude Harsh and offensive, as a color; tawdry or in bad
taste, as a combination of colors, or any design or work of art.
Culpable Deserving censure; worthy of blame; faulty; immoral;
criminal.
Culpable Guilty; as, culpable of a crime.
Curb To bend or curve
Curb To guide and manage, or restrain, as with a curb; to bend
to one’s will; to subject; to subdue; to restrain; to confine; to keep
in check.
Curb To furnish wich a curb, as a well; also, to restrain by a
curb, as a bank of earth.
Curb To bend; to crouch; to cringe.
Curb That which curbs, restrains, or subdues; a check or
hindrance; esp., a chain or strap attached to the upper part of the
branches of a bit, and capable of being drawn tightly against the lower
jaw of the horse.
Curb An assemblage of three or more pieces of timber, or a metal
member, forming a frame around an opening, and serving to maintain the
integrity of that opening; also, a ring of stone serving a similar
purpose, as at the eye of a dome.
Curb A frame or wall round the mouth of a well; also, a frame
within a well to prevent the earth caving in.
Curb A curbstone.
Curb A swelling on the back part of the hind leg of a horse, just
behind the lowest part of the hock joint, generally causing lameness.
Dubious Doubtful or not settled in opinion; being in doubt;
wavering or fluctuating; undetermined.
Dubious Occasioning doubt; not clear, or obvious; equivocal;
questionable; doubtful; as, a dubious answer.
Dubious Of uncertain event or issue; as, in dubious battle.
Emanating of Emanate
Entail That which is entailed.
Entail An estate in fee entailed, or limited in descent to a
particular class of issue.
Entail The rule by which the descent is fixed.
Entail Delicately carved ornamental work; intaglio.
Entail To settle or fix inalienably on a person or thing, or on a
person and his descendants or a certain line of descendants; — said
especially of an estate; to bestow as an heritage.
Entail To appoint hereditary possessor.
Entail To cut or carve in a ornamental way.
Equity Equality of rights; natural justice or right; the giving,
or desiring to give, to each man his due, according to reason, and the
law of God to man; fairness in determination of conflicting claims;
impartiality.
Equity An equitable claim; an equity of redemption; as, an equity
to a settlement, or wife’s equity, etc.
Equity A system of jurisprudence, supplemental to law, properly so
called, and complemental of it.
Erode To eat into or away; to corrode; as, canker erodes the
flesh.
Gratification The act of gratifying, or pleasing, either the mind,
the taste, or the appetite; as, the gratification of the palate, of the
appetites, of the senses, of the desires, of the heart.
Gratification That which affords pleasure; satisfaction;
enjoyment; fruition: delight.
Gratification A reward; a recompense; a gratuity.
Heft Same as Haft, n.
Heft The act or effort of heaving/ violent strain or exertion.
Heft Weight; ponderousness.
Heft The greater part or bulk of anything; as, the heft of the
crop was spoiled.
Heft of Heft
Heft To heave up; to raise aloft.
Heft To prove or try the weight of by raising.
Incubate To sit, as on eggs for hatching; to brood; to
brood upon, or keep warm, as eggs, for the purpose of hatching.
Intimacy The state of being intimate; close familiarity or
association; nearness in friendship.
Lame Moving with pain or difficulty on account of injury,
defect, or temporary obstruction of a function; as, a lame leg, arm, or
muscle.
Lame To some degree disabled by reason of the imperfect
action of a limb; crippled; as, a lame man.
Lame Hence, hobbling; limping; inefficient; imperfect.
Lame To make lame.
Legitimate Accordant with law or with established legal forms and
requirements; lawful; as, legitimate government; legitimate rights; the
legitimate succession to the throne; a legitimate proceeding of an
officer; a legitimate heir.
Legitimate Lawfully begotten; born in wedlock.
Legitimate Authorized; real; genuine; not false, counterfeit, or
spurious; as, legitimate poems of Chaucer; legitimate inscriptions.
Legitimate Conforming to known principles, or accepted rules; as,
legitimate reasoning; a legitimate standard, or method; a legitimate
combination of colors.
Legitimate Following by logical sequence; reasonable; as, a
legitimate result; a legitimate inference.
Legitimate To make legitimate, lawful, or valid; esp., to put
in the position or state of a legitimate person before the law, by
legal means; as, to legitimate a bastard child.
Mitigate To make less severe, intense, harsh, rigorous,
painful, etc.; to soften; to meliorate; to alleviate; to diminish; to
lessen; as, to mitigate heat or cold; to mitigate grief.
Mitigate To make mild and accessible; to mollify; — applied to
persons.
Monotheistic Of or pertaining to monotheism.
Notorious Generally known and talked of by the public; universally
believed to be true; manifest to the world; evident; — usually in an
unfavorable sense; as, a notorious thief; a notorious crime or vice.
Outrage To rage in excess of.
Outrage Injurious violence or wanton wrong done to persons or
things; a gross violation of right or decency; excessive abuse; wanton
mischief; gross injury.
Outrage Excess; luxury.
Outrage To commit outrage upon; to subject to outrage; to treat
with violence or excessive abuse.
Outrage Specifically, to violate; to commit an indecent assault
upon (a female).
Outrage To be guilty of an outrage; to act outrageously.
Personnel The body of persons employed in some public service, as
the army, navy, etc.; — distinguished from materiel.
Plunge To thrust into water, or into any substance that is
penetrable; to immerse; to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and
forcibly; to thrust; as, to plunge the body into water; to plunge a
dagger into the breast. Also used figuratively; as, to plunge a nation
into war.
Plunge To baptize by immersion.
Plunge To entangle; to embarrass; to overcome.
Plunge To thrust or cast one’s self into water or other fluid;
to submerge one’s self; to dive, or to rush in; as, he plunged into the
river. Also used figuratively; as, to plunge into debt.
Plunge To pitch or throw one’s self headlong or violently
forward, as a horse does.
Plunge To bet heavily and with seeming recklessness on a race,
or other contest; in an extended sense, to risk large sums in hazardous
speculations.
Plunge The act of thrusting into or submerging; a dive, leap,
rush, or pitch into, or as into, water; as, to take the water with a
plunge.
Plunge Hence, a desperate hazard or act; a state of being
submerged or overwhelmed with difficulties.
Plunge The act of pitching or throwing one’s self headlong or
violently forward, like an unruly horse.
Plunge Heavy and reckless betting in horse racing; hazardous
speculation.
Prostitution The act or practice of prostituting or offering the
body to an indiscriminate intercourse with men; common lewdness of a
woman.
Prostitution The act of setting one’s self to sale, or of devoting
to infamous purposes what is in one’s power; as, the prostitution of
abilities; the prostitution of the press.
Reek A rick.
Reek Vapor; steam; smoke; fume.
Reek To emit vapor, usually that which is warm and moist; to be
full of fumes; to steam; to smoke; to exhale.
Rehabilitation The act of rehabilitating, or the state of being
rehabilitated.
Repudiation The act of repudiating, or the state of being
repuddiated; as, the repudiation of a doctrine, a wife, a debt, etc.
Repudiation One who favors repudiation, especially of a public
debt.
Sceptical Alt. of Scepticism
Sour Having an acid or sharp, biting taste, like vinegar, and
the juices of most unripe fruits; acid; tart.
Sour Changed, as by keeping, so as to be acid, rancid, or
musty, turned.
Sour Disagreeable; unpleasant; hence; cross; crabbed;
peevish; morose; as, a man of a sour temper; a sour reply.
Sour Afflictive; painful.
Sour Cold and unproductive; as, sour land; a sour marsh.
Sour A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.
Sour To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to
sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances.
Sour To make cold and unproductive, as soil.
Sour To make unhappy, uneasy, or less agreeable.
Sour To cause or permit to become harsh or unkindly.
Sour To macerate, and render fit for plaster or mortar; as, to
sour lime for business purposes.
Sour To become sour; to turn from sweet to sour; as, milk soon
sours in hot weather; a kind temper sometimes sours in adversity.
Speculator One who speculates. Specifically: (a) An observer; a
contemplator; hence, a spy; a watcher.
Speculator One who forms theories; a theorist.
Speculator One who engages in speculation; one who buys and sells
goods, land, etc., with the expectation of deriving profit from
fluctuations in price.
Splinter To split or rend into long, thin pieces; to shiver; as,
the lightning splinters a tree.
Splinter To fasten or confine with splinters, or splints, as a
broken limb.
Splinter To become split into long pieces.
Splinter A thin piece split or rent off lengthwise, as from wood,
bone, or other solid substance; a thin piece; a sliver; as, splinters
of a ship’s mast rent off by a shot.
Sprawl To spread and stretch the body or limbs carelessly in a
horizontal position; to lie with the limbs stretched out ungracefully.
Sprawl To spread irregularly, as vines, plants, or tress; to
spread ungracefully, as chirography.
Sprawl To move, when lying down, with awkward extension and
motions of the limbs; to scramble in creeping.
Stupefied Having been made stupid.
Stupefied of Stupefy
Surveillance Oversight; watch; inspection; supervision.
Tabulated of Tabulate
Trounce To punish or beat severely; to whip smartly; to flog;
to castigate.
Usher An officer or servant who has the care of the door of a
court, hall, chamber, or the like; hence, an officer whose business it
is to introduce strangers, or to walk before a person of rank. Also,
one who escorts persons to seats in a church, theater, etc.
Usher An under teacher, or assistant master, in a school.
Usher To introduce or escort, as an usher, forerunner, or
harbinger; to forerun; — sometimes followed by in or forth; as, to
usher in a stranger; to usher forth the guests; to usher a visitor into
the room.
Vow A solemn promise made to God, or to some deity; an act by
which one consecrates or devotes himself, absolutely or conditionally,
wholly or in part, for a longer or shorter time, to some act, service,
or condition; a devotion of one’s possessions; as, a baptismal vow; a
vow of poverty.
Vow Specifically, a promise of fidelity; a pledge of love or
affection; as, the marriage vow.
Vow To give, consecrate, or dedicate to God, or to some deity, by
a solemn promise; to devote; to promise solemnly.
Vow To assert solemnly; to asseverate.
Vow To make a vow, or solemn promise.

πŸ™‚ Waiting for tomorrow’s TOI edition to give our “a million visitors” their part. πŸ™‚

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